The ErP Directive
Ecodesign is working.

The ErP Directive, also known as the Ecodesign, sets stringent requirements for fan efficiency.
What is the Ecodesign Directive?

  • By adopting the Kyoto Protocol, the European Union has undertaken to reduce CO2 emissions by at least 20 per cent by 2020.
  • To achieve this climate goal, the EU adopted the EuP Directive (Energy using Products Directive) in 2005.
  • It was renamed the ErP Directive (Energy Related Products Directive) in 2009 and its purpose is to investigate the energy-saving potential of numerous products that consume energy and to stipulate minimum requirements.
  • Binding limit values for fans were set in March 2011.
    (EU Directive 327/2011)
  • This affects fans of all designs with electrical power consumptions between 125 W and 500 kW.
  • The directive is binding in the 27 EU member states. All fans brought onto the market in Europe are subject to the directive, including those imported into Europe from third countries. The minimum efficiency requirements also apply to fans fitted in devices that are imported into Europe.

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The ErP Directive is working

*European Ventilation Industry Association (EVIA)

** 0.444 t CO2-eq/MWh, LCA approach, EU28_CoM Default Emission Factors for the Member states of the European Union, 2017,

The stages of the directive

The first stage came into force in 2013. A more stringent stage came in 2015 with requirements for fan efficiency. The limit values stipulated in the fan directive are extremely demanding: In the first stage, around 30 percent of all available fans were no longer able to satisfy the new regulations. In 2015, another 20 percent were no longer able to achieve the required efficiency levels.

Frequently asked questions

To help achieve the EU's climate goals. The aim of the Ecodesign Directive is to reduce the impact of our actions on the environment.

The ErP Directive deals with a large number of products that use energy in some way. This means that components such as fans, motors or pumps, as well as entire devices such as ventilation and air conditioners, are also subject to minimum efficiency requirements.

Fans of all types (axial fans, centrifugal fans with forward-curved and backward-curved blades, tangential blowers and diagonal fans) with a power consumption between 0.125 kW and 500 kW are affected. This applies to fans that are operated as "stand-alone" devices or are integrated as a component in a device or system.

Yes. The directive does not cover fans for kitchen exhaust hoods with an output of less than 280 watts or fans in dryers.

The EU defines minimum efficiency ratings in the ErP implementing regulation for fans. These are defined based on the power consumption at the optimum point. Determining whether a fan conforms to the ErP implementing regulation always involves assessing the efficiency of the fan as a whole, i.e. the entire unit comprising control electronics (if fitted), motor and fan impeller.

The directive stipulates that it should be reviewed five years after it went into effect. This review, called "Revision 2020", is already being discussed. There are currently no binding findings or results yet. Therefore, the limit values are not expected to be made more stringent before 2022.

VDMA – Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbau e.V.

German Mechanical Engineering Industry Association

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Eurovent - Eropean Industry Association

Europe's Industry Association

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AMCA International

Air Movement and Control Association

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EVIA - European Ventilation Industry Association

The voice of the ventilation industry in Europe

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